GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND ENZYME ACTIVITIES IN CATFISH [Pangasianodon hypophthalmus] FED WITH WATER HYACINTH-BASED DIET
Keywords:catfish, growth performance, pollard, water hyacinth
AbstractAn alternative subtitution of pollard as an imported feed ingredient is a neccesity and one of the potential ingredients is water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes). This study was conducted to evaluate growth performance and enzyme activity in catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus). Diet with five different levels of water hyacinth subtitute of pollard (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%) were fed to catfish for 60 days. Seventy (70) catfish fry with average initial body weight of 2.45Â±0.15 g were maintained in 100cm x 80cm x 60cm aquaria. Fish fed at satiation level three times daily at 8 am, 12 pm, and 4 pm. With dietary of 25% water hyacinth, growth performance and protease activity similar to 0% treatment. Feed intake, protein digestibility, feed efficiency, protein efficiency ratio, and protease and amylase enzyme activities decreased (p<0.05) in those fed with more than 25% water hyacinth. Catfish fed 25% water hyacinth showed significantly (p<0.05) higher daily growth rate, feed efficiency and protein digestibility than those with other treatments. Based on the growth performance and enzyme activity, we can conclude that the optimum dietary level of water hyacinth subtitute pollard for fry catfish is 25%.
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree with the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication, with the work 1 year after publication simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons attribution-noncommerical-noderivatesÂ 4.0 InternationalÂ License that allows others to share, copy and redistribute the work in any medium or format,Â but only where the use is for non-commercial purposesÂ and an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal is mentioned.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).