REVIEW: SOLUTIONS FOR GRAND CHALLENGES IN GOAT AND SHEEP PRODUCTION INDUSTRY

Mildred Elizabeth Aldridge, Jasmyn Elaine Fearon, Bethany Peyton Haynes, Hannah Marie Miller, Katie Yvonne Sanford, Rachel Rebecca Scott, William Wess Anglin, Lauren Susanne Blalock, Briana Lashun Burkes, Olivia Lucienne Cohn-White, Brittany Renee Franks, Haleigh Margaret Giles, Ashley Lorraine Greene, Riley Dawn Hanby, Anna Grace Holliman, John Mark Kirby, Austin William Klein, Courtney Ann Lehmann, Grace Jennette Llyod, Cody Triston Lore, Tyler B. McMurray, Zachary Vinz Moody, Brianna Nicole Palmer, Lindsey Virginia Pansano, Ryan Matthew Pickle, Laura Marie Schaeffer, Jeneva Ruth Seidl, James Dean Smith, Hannah Faith Stepp, Faisal Amri Satrio, Naseer Ahmad Kutchy, Ed Dechert, Cobie Rutherford, Kipp Brown, Bambang Purwantara, Erdogan Memili

Abstract


Goats and sheep are valuable as they are a source of meat, milk, fleece, and other products. These livestock are also important both for agriculture and biomedical research. However, the efficient, sustainable, and profitable production of these small ruminants faces major obstacles. Hence, this review analyzes these major challenges specifically, their negative impacts on the industry, and suggests some science-based solutions to overcome them. Those challenged areas are education and training, research, translational research/biotechnology, goat and sheep health, and maintenance of an economically sustainable agribusiness. The suggested solutions include the effective teaching of goat and sheep science to the next generation and public empowerment, support for innovative and translational research, disease prevention and treatment, support for technology transfer, and development of sound agribusiness practices. This review is helpful particularly for scientists, students, and the goat and sheep producers. In general, these information on the current state of goat and sheep agriculture will also help the public to better understand and appreciate the challenges met and opportunities provided in small ruminant production enterprises.


Keywords


Agriculture, biomedical research, goat, sheep, sustainable production

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11598/btb.2019.26.1.944

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