THE CARBON CONSERVATION OF MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM IN INDONESIA

Endang Hilmi, Lilik Kartika Sari, Setijanto Setijanto, Cecep Kusmana, Endang Suhendang

Abstract


The carbon conservation program in mangrove ecosystem shows the carbon sequestration and sinker which gives a positive impact for mangrove sustainability. The carbon conservation of mangrove ecosystem supports the growth of mangrove vegetation based on the carbon percent of mangrove stage consisting of  mangrove seedling, sapling and mangrove trees. This paper aimed to analyze carbon percentage of mangrove ecosystem which is SNI 06 – 3730 – 1995 and TAPPI T 211 om 85 methods and to analysis mangrove clustering based on carbon percentage. The  results showed that (1) Avicennia spp, Sonneratia spp, Bruguiera spp, Rhizophora spp, Aegiceras spp, Lumnitzera spp, Ceriop spp, Exoecaria agallocha and Xylocarpus granatum had carbon percentage between 45.01% - 55.54%; (2)  the carbon percentage of the mangrove growth were seedling (16.3-21.2%), sapling (19.0 – 28.1%), trees with diameter 10 – 20 (38.1 – 46.3%), trees with diameter 20 – 30 cm (40.2 – 51.1 %) and trees with diameter 30 – 40 cm (49,1 – 55,2 %). The carbon conservation has a positive correlation with the ability of carbon sequestration and mangrove growth.  We would like to express our sincere gratitude to UNSOED grant  that supported this research.

Keywords


carbon sequestration, mangrove ecosystem, carbon conservation, mangrove growth, mangrove clustering

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11598/btb.2019.26.3.1099

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